Buying food well is one thing, keeping it well is something completely different. Maybe you should start by reading the instructions for your refrigerator, as well as the storage tips indicated on the package. But don't forget to read our good tips for efficient food storage in the refrigerator.
Our grandmothers knew a lot of tricks on how to organize food properly to keep them fresh for as long as possible, and they provided us with simple tips to prevent food waste. Here are just a few solutions to avoid mold, odors and rapid decomposition.
When it comes to fresh food, mold always lurks. The number one rule to get rid of it is to regularly clean the refrigerator with water and baking soda and / or vinegar. The most effective way to keep mushrooms or salads fresh is to wrap them in paper towels, in kitchen napkins, for example.
To avoid mold on fruits and vegetables, wash them with water and a little vinegar and wrap them in paper bags. Beware of apples: it is best to keep them outdoors to avoid spoiling or molding other fruits.
Avoid unpleasant odors
Regular cleaning of the refrigerator is essential. Here are some tips from grandma's time: to avoid unpleasant odors, place a glass of baking soda or a cotton ball soaked in vinegar in the refrigerator. If you want to avoid moisture problems, use a handful of raw rice instead of baking soda. It is essential to keep the refrigerator clean, without ice accumulation on the walls and to maintain a good temperature inside.
Certain foods should not be stored in the refrigerator, as their taste and appearance may be altered. This is the case of exotic fruits, citrus fruits, tomatoes, green beans, cucumbers and zucchini. All fruits and vegetables that still need cooking time should be stored at room temperature.
Allow cooked food dishes to cool completely before placing them in the refrigerator to avoid condensation and a sudden rise in temperature inside the device. Separate raw foods from cooked food to avoid contamination and store food in clean containers with lids.
Store food properly
The arrangement of food in the refrigerator depends on their type and individual temperature. Meat and fish should be stored in the coldest part of the refrigerator, preferably in a special drawer. Well drained and washed fish must be eaten in 24 hours, the meat has a different storage time depending on its type.
The highest temperatures (usually the bottom drawer) are reserved for fruits and vegetables that must be eaten quickly. Matured cheeses should be stored at the top of the refrigerator to protect them from heat and cold, and fresh cheeses at the bottom, where the temperature is 2-4 C.
What you should keep in the freezer
The freezer is a great ally in preserving fresh fruits and vegetables. Also, frozen food will stay longer. It is good practice to freeze food in clean containers with a label that contains the name of the product and the date of freezing.
To thaw food, do not leave it at room temperature, but refrigerate it until it thaws. To keep the best spices and herbs, cover them with olive oil and freeze everything in an ice tray to make cubes.
To always have fresh bread on hand, cut it into slices and put it in the freezer. But don't forget, food can only be thawed once and must be eaten quickly. Therefore, you can freeze food in individual portions, or even cook larger portions to make reserves. Thus, you can defrost only as much as you need.
For meat, if you do not intend to cook the piece or pieces bought completely, separate portions according to consumption. This way, you just have to take one leg out of the economic package, rather than defrost the whole chicken.
Set the temperature
To best store food, keep the internal temperature of the refrigerator at about 4-5 C and the temperature of the freezer at about -18 ° C. Place the refrigerator away from heat sources and open it only when you need it, taking care to close it immediately.
It exposes the cheese to moisture
We often keep our favorite cheeses in a jar or in a refrigerator box, so that their pungent aroma does not bother the sensitive noses too much. But to prevent moisture from damaging them, we will put a piece of sugar in the container. Thus, the sugar will absorb all the moisture, and the cheeses will remain firm and tasty.
Crispy carrots and peppers longer
If you want to prepare a recipe based on carrots and peppers to finish the ones you have had in the fridge for some time, expect an unpleasant surprise: crammed in the vegetable drawer, prey to moisture, they are no longer fresh and I'm kind of soft.
No problem, to give them a second youth, rinse them, cut them into pieces and soak them in a large bowl of water for 24 hours in the refrigerator. The next day, you will find them invigorated.
If you have a No Frost refrigerator ( some examples we compare in this list ), it is most likely equipped with at least one compartment for fruits and vegetables, in which they are protected by modern technologies against wilting.
Do not put hot food in the refrigerator
For freshly prepared meals and for the remaining portions, you must make sure that they are no longer hot before putting them in the refrigerator, because the introduction of a hot food will increase its temperature, which can spoil the rest of the food and force the excessive consumption of electricity. Therefore, wait until the food returns to room temperature.
However, avoid leaving food lying on the worktop for a few hours so that microorganisms do not grow. Therefore, the food must cool quickly: place the dishes taken out of the oven on a support, so that air circulates around them; place the vessel on the window sill or on a table outside, taking care to protect them from unwanted guests (insects, pets, etc.); you can also dip the bottom of the pan in the preparation in cold water to speed up cooling.