Those who want a cheap and good heating, need to know which is the best wood heating plant . In addition to wood, some plants of this type can work with coal, pellets and sawdust. It is a complete and economical solution, with buffer and gasification. Perfect for heating and hot water, for a house of 100sqm, 150sqm, 200sqm or 300sqm. They can be made like a stove, made of cast iron or steel. The apartment can be both small and large. We will tell you some opinions, recommendations and price. Look at this model called Fornello A 35 kW .
The best wood heating plants – TOP 10 new models
Top wood thermal power plants are appreciated in Bucharest, Cluj, Iasi, Timisoara, Oradea, Brasov. You will see a lot of models on eMag, Altex, Flanco or Dedeman.
Wood, briquettes and coals
Expansion vessel 50 liters
Steel boiler equipped with intelligent controller and fan
The detachable metal grille protects the grid of flame pipes
Blower for air supply to the combustion chamber
Maximum useful heating power 40 kW
Recommended for rooms up to 200 sqm
Heating system with external boiler
The size of the wood up to 50 cm
The water jacket surrounds the entire combustion chamber
It works in closed circuit
Room temperature control
Large ash drawer for weekly cleaning
For rooms up to 170 sqm
Electronically controlled system
Solid fuel boiler made of steel
Temperature regime of 90/60 ° C
High quality steel sheet
Recommended for rooms up to 250 sqm
A + heating energy efficiency
Pellet plant, straw pellets, sunflower pellets, coal, wood chips, seeds, corn, grain Burnit WBS AC UB 27 kW
For heating spaces up to 200 sqm
The fuel ignites manually
Safety valve at 3 bar
Coal, wood pellets, agri-pellets (straw and sunflower), dried kernels
Independent thermostat STB
Which is the best wood heating plant
Owners of private homes, business managers dream of purchasing the best thermal power plant on solid fuel. This heating technology is qualified to work on wood, sawdust, straw, pellets, coal. These products are much cheaper than the cost of gas and energy. Given that there is a wide range of systems with different styles, specifications and labels on the market, it is a challenge for the consumer to realize which wood heating plant to choose. It is important to know what criteria to strictly follow when deciding.
Traditional thermal power plants work on coal briquettes, timber and pellets. Through fire, they create large amounts of soot, ash and pollutants. They work for a very limited time and you should check continuously at the boiler, to add power. Consequently, the heating of the building is inefficient. But, of course, they offer advantages – easy handling, freedom and cheap costs. The best long-burning wood-fired boilers are something else entirely. A generous proportional firebox for refueling, a two-chamber combustion mechanism, electronic monitoring, reliability and ecology – these are not all the benefits of these heating systems.
The fuel is introduced into the second chamber, which, according to a certain combustion system with a limited air source, tends to burn from beginning to end, thus producing a significant volume of heat and at the same time drying the base of the fuel. . Whenever the upper surface burns, another begins to burn. The combustion phase continues long enough, with complete heat transfer. The generator gas collected in the container is pumped into the combustion chamber with oxygen. Therefore, all soot and emissions produce additional heat.
The type of wood used
The best wood-fired boiler can also be chosen based on the fuel used. Manufacturing companies often say in the directions in which their boiler will operate. The coal puts out a lot of fire. A single filling will take several days. However, for cost, the cheapest alternative fuel is wood. The combustion method does not produce sulfur and water vapor, so the life of the wood-fired boiler is extended.
The thermal conductivity of peat briquettes and oily shale is quite strong, but you should consider in advance if you would still be able to buy these forms of fuel in adequate quantities. The fuel option is based on tastes and capital availability.
The cost of wood-fired boilers varies greatly depending on the brand, fuel, material and brand. And for a few years of use, you must realize that you will purchase a boiler, then you will be alerted to too low a level. Long-burning wood-fired boilers cannot be cheap. The use of the best wood-fired boiler for long-term combustion is suggested not only for heating, but also for the delivery of hot water. Thermal power plants with different sizes will heat both smaller properties and large townhouses, workshops, businesses and factories. It is financially profitable and supports the climate. You would not have any worries while buying a wood-fired boiler with automatic equipment.
Good wood heating plant
The cheapest solid fuel thermal power plants are in this group. Almost all have five mm thick wall steel. By simply burning the fire, heat is produced. Without using a unique technology for combustion. It operates mainly on wood and coal. There are a number of affordable wood boilers. With a cast iron hob on which you can prepare and heat food for almost any need.
The most common form today, but first of all, the variations of the architecture of these power plants should be recognized. With a multi-pass heating element and water columns, traditional long-burning wood-fired boilers have a built-in thermal storage mechanism. And they are also equipped with robotics.
The so-called upper combustion boilers are the second version of this form of boilers. The fuel inside them is sparkled from above, while constantly consuming piece by piece under the power of robotics. Which offers a long burning period over the entire operational period on a single section and constant heating. In this group, closed and pyrolysis plants can also be classified.
Another type of long-burning boiler is a wood-fired boiler. It is marked by a cheaper and longer combustion compared to conventional power plants. As well as much cheaper costs. The architecture is made in the same way as the convection flows, except that they are not positioned at the top of the hearth. But behind it, allowing the smoke to be kept longer in flows and, thus, an additional thermal conduction.
Pellet heating plant
Because it is as automatic as possible, the pellet boiler is fine. The owner puts the fuel in the tank and a large part of his activities stop here. Using a pin, the pellets are added to the fire. Both procedures are operated by mechanization: automatic supply system, fan, combustion and fire extinguisher on the burner. The length of combustion with a single load depends on the capacity of the charger. This is the minimum fever day for a plant with a container of 300 liters. In some situations, a constant supply of fuel can be arranged and so burning can take up to many weeks.
It looks great on paper, but its low cost instantly attracts interest when the problem of purchasing the best wood and pellet heating plant arises. The problem is that often a decent burner tends to cost more than the boiler alone.
How to choose a wood-fired boiler
Connecting electricity and gas is far from anywhere, but it is important to heat up somewhere. The construction of a wood-fired boiler would be an ideal alternative. Not only will it encourage you to build a heating system that is completely independent, but also very accessible. As a primary and reserve heat source. Good wood boilers were used and burned logs, sawdust, coal or pellets to produce heat. They are very heavy devices and the fuel must be discarded frequently. But the good wood-fired boiler will face the most advanced gas and electric due to the low price of the obtained power.
The question arises: which wood-fired boiler to select, taking into account the number of types, styles and suppliers. Consider which form of fuel in your place is better and more accessible. And if all kinds of unnecessary solid fuels can be obtained cheaply. The pace of filling the boiler with wood is now a matter of convenience. You do not want to work or operate in the room of the wood-fired boiler late at night. Use a system that lasts longer on charging at the same rate. And pay attention to other customers' .
Installing the best wood-fired boiler also requires twenty percent of the cost of the boiler itself. Buying a chimney is a major expense. It is not expensive to do most small things in the form of tubes, tubes, a protection unit, a circulation pump, etc. In addition, the description of the connection for a good wood-fired boiler does not take into account the aspects of the integration team.
Aspects in choosing the best wood-fired boiler
Wood-fired boilers that do not have an adjustable fuel source are equipped with a fan that blows air into the combustion tank and a controller. These good thermal power plants are often used to supply households with hot water in summer. The mechanical draft controller operates differently from the mains and is best used in places where there are regular power outages. They work on regular air movement. In general, thermal power plants equipped with control are more efficient and easier to use.
Many wood-fired power plants were built of cast iron 15 years ago. This suggests that they were bulky on a floor slab. Even architecture was far from ideal. And the lowest productivity of 68% for such heating units seemed very similar to zero. Engineering has advanced well. And if we apply contemporary automation almost ubiquitous to the above. Then we get heating equipment with a productivity of 94% and a constant burning period of days or even weeks. And the style of architecture is very much based on it.
Many versions are equipped with tubes for supplying oxygen on several levels of the burner. This will help you to specifically monitor the movement of the air and thus the combustion mode, together with the computer device and the fan. The best wood-fired boiler for long combustion uses almost 100% of the energy emitted from the fuel. Due to the characteristics of the system and can withstand fixed temperature.
Working procedure of the wood heating plant
To receive hot air, the fuel is delivered to the boiler on firewood and lit. It's the original version here. There are thermal power plants on pyrolysis wood in which wood ovens produce fuel by releasing steam, which continues to consume. At about the same time, performance improves considerably. Although later we can fight the eccentricities of traditional power plant operations and pyrolysis.
Fire box is a large pot with double walls, with a cooling system or cooler between them. This is most commonly water, much less using an antifreeze liquid or a combination of liquid and antifreeze. The refrigerant absorbs heat from the burned wood, flows into the building through tubes and heat exchangers and heats the air. The water moves to the burner as it cools and is replaced. To increase airflow, specialized devices are also used.
As the fuel is burned, it produces not only heat but also gases that need to be extracted. The smoke collection method is built for this. A forced air flow device is often used to improve the efficiency of this operation. The chimney filters the steam from the boiler outside.
Excessive heat from the refrigerant is the biggest risk that can occur during the operation of the best wood-fired boiler. The liquid will be sufficiently heated, and heat may tend to be produced by it. The heating system may not be able to withstand if the water boils. Especially if the household has metal-plastic pipes sufficiently vulnerable to extreme temperatures or heat .
Various types of thermal power plants on good wood
Various types of the best wood-fired boiler have several configuration distinctions, with a common general arrangement of the unit. It is necessary to divide the entire current spectrum into the main groups: traditional or conventional wood boilers, pyrolysis or steam boilers, long combustion boilers and pellet boilers.
Traditional wood boilers are the same as modern stoves. As a consequence of the burning of carbon, heat is produced here. As a general rule, it is sometimes used for firewood or gas. The fuel is delivered from one gate, then through the other – the dust and other components of the fuel are washed by the plant.
The combustion temperature of the pyrolysis gas is higher than that of the firewood, which improves the performance of the wood-fired boiler by up to 90%. If we take into account the assumption that the decomposition phase of wood is smoother than its burning. We should talk about another benefit – a refueling can take 9 hours.
Automatic power plants are also called pellet power plants. They vary somewhat from conventional models due to the service concept. But they have a tank to hold extra fuel in addition to the hearth. This suggests that sometimes coming and pouring fuel into the combustion chamber would be unnecessary – it will be handled by automatic machines. About a week can pass between fuel delivery deliveries. In addition, you could specifically configure such a device for yourself. The fuel is currently perceived as one of the most climate-sustainable. Pellets are agglomerations generated by wood scraps (sawdust, chips, etc.). The efficiency of these devices is 89%, the higher cost of boilers being the only disadvantage.
Heat exchangers at the best wood heating plant
It is impossible to say without ambiguity which wood-fired boiler is the best to choose – it all depends on the price. The particularities of the work and the technical specifications. Companies only produce certain plants. Cast iron heat exchangers have these benefits. They are made of different parts. Facilitating their shipping and installation. In addition, it can be replaced if one of the parts is affected. So the longevity of these thermal power plants is up to 15 years or more.
An iron oxide film is coated with cast iron throughout the process. It is a dry rust that barely advances, protecting most of the substance from harmful consequences. Cast iron is more prone to rust. Which means that the heating element should be washed less often. Cast iron retains heat longer, which is an asset. The disadvantage is that, very slowly, it heats up. Extra weight, greater fragility than steel and low tolerance to extreme temperatures are among the disadvantages. The cast iron heat exchanger will break quickly with a sudden change of heat. So do not bring cold water into the already hot heat exchanger.
Wear resistance is the advantage of a steel heat exchanger and, when such a heat source is heated in the workshop and extinguished in one part, it becomes possible to build complicated combinations of combustion chambers, thus increasing productivity. Strong tolerance to sudden changes in temperature. As a rule, wood-fired boilers with such heat exchangers obtain a more sophisticated functionality, because the heating can be adjusted openly, without the risk of destroying the frame.
Energy and raw material consumption of a thermal power plant
It is necessary to divide the thermal power plants on wood into two forms, the non-volatile ones with normal circulation and the precarious ones with additional circulation. They are not volatile with normal circulation, without additional valves, but they do not absorb energy. In a similar configuration, standard boilers work and maybe some long-burning wood-fired boilers. And it can be used as a secondary heat source and is ideally equipped for places with regular power outages.
The specification is the inclusion of a fan, which allows air to reach the combustion process. In this configuration, many long-burning boilers, pellet boilers and pyrolysis are created. You will use the settings menu to customize certain parameters.
Single-circuit boilers are only responsible for the heater. There are also dual circuit boilers that allow you to have a city residence with a hot water distribution system. This is quite handy and you should definitely consider this role when measuring the required capacity. In addition, there are wood heating plants equipped with a stove. Please note that for wood-fired boilers there are wall-mounted or floor-mounted versions.
The effective power of a wood-fired power plant
When selecting the best wood-fired boiler, one of the key indications you can consider first is its capacity, which decides which area will provide heat. Only from the region of the heated space can it be continued. You can use the commonly agreed rule: 1 kW of boiler power is required for every 9-10 sqm of space.
This must be taken into account when measuring the capacity of the heat exchanger if the best wood-fired boiler is to be installed in a hot water supply installation. In order to maintain the heat in the house, the specialists recommend that the capacity of a double circuit power plant should not be less than 22 kW in both situations. It is easier to manage more detailed measurements for experts who can consider all the features of a building and a heater.
It is possible to throw firewood, tar, pellets and sawdust in a fireplace of the wood boiler. It is a mistake to assume that, regardless of the fuel included, the production of the boiler would remain unchanged. Many wood-fired boiler models are capable of running on different forms of fuel, but at the same time the optimum power can only be achieved when fuel is used, as shown by the supplier as the main example. Production can decrease by 22 percent when using low-calorie gasoline, and if it is too wet, the decrease in production will be up to 32 percent.
The higher the capacity of the combustion chamber, the more fuel you will fill and the less frequently you will sprint into the hearth to throw a fresh component into it.
What to be careful about
It is definitely worth determining, even until the purchase of the best wood-fired boiler, if the boiler would be the primary energy source or a secondary one. In the above situation, an extension tank or heat condenser should be installed – it is better to do this directly than to update the entire device later.
If it is possible to use gas in the future, you can pay attention to the probability of turning the boiler into wood as you wish. By adding a burner, several conventional power plants are able to turn into gas. It is advantageous, but it must be taken into account that the performance of the transformed thermal power plant would be lower than that originally planned for coal.
We will not open a secret if we claim that consistency is very much based on the credibility of a manufacturer. Large businesses cannot destroy their brand with low-consistency items, so it's vital to prefer versions from reputable suppliers when choosing a strong pet. When it is easier not to save, this is the situation.
The best wood-fired power plants are affordable, could be used in the most remote areas of mankind, are quite cheap to operate and independent. However, you will have to face some disadvantages, such as the need for continuous repair and the supply, distribution and physical filling of fuel. The protection is in the hands of those of us, but do not neglect to check the voltage and the condition of the chimney in the expansion tank.
How to better choose a good wood heating plant
Stopping the burning of wood or coal is almost difficult – all that persists is the decrease in heat and a heat exchanger is used so that excessively hot water cannot enter the device. Collect cold water from the water source, so it is better to have an abundant amount of it in case of lack of water.
In the wood boiler or between the boiler and the rest of the heating device, the heat exchanger can be integrated. Only the foundation of a steel wood heating plant can be incorporated into it.
Pyrolysis wood boilers are much more complex. In their configuration, there are several combustion tanks. In the first position, the firewood is placed, the pyrolysis phase takes place with the release of the pyrolysis gas at high temperatures and the lack of atmosphere. Move to the second room, where the refrigerant burns and sets fire. Only firewood coals persist. Standard boilers, commonly found in natural circulation patterns, can have either a cast iron or steel heating element.
On the other hand, the corrosion production of metals is more prone to steel. With such regular variations, cracks may occur at the welding points, despite resistance to severe temperatures. In which scenario, the replacement of the steel boiler would not be feasible should you purchase a new one, the reliability of these systems is low.
The usable capacity is higher at the top fuel power plants, and the fuel is more evenly distributed in this situation. Especially when it comes to a heat exchanger with several sections of cast iron, it would take some action to spread the fuel accurately. It is traditional to display an indication, such as the proportion of fuel load capacity.
The best thermal power plants: how to choose them
Wood-fired boilers have lost their glory among certain equivalents many years ago, but have been constantly competing for high positions lately. You will find hundreds of versions on the commercial market today that work on charcoal, briquettes, wood, pellets, sawdust or wood chips.
To support a warm environment at home or in a building, such a system will help you generate hot water, as well as often provide central heating system heating. Based on the region, living standard and other variables, identify the best choice, as peat can be the most profitable fuel anywhere and firewood elsewhere. There are also cumulative versions that allow you to be heated with wood and another with energy.
In fact, as a rule, the capacity of the best wood-fired boiler is chosen based on the square of the space it can heat. Experts recommend taking into account the flow of the heater. Because the main purpose of the wood-fired boiler is to heat the liquid to the required temperature. And the heaters or underfloor heating system also serve as an exchange of heat and warm air inside the spaces.
Essential aspects regarding the choice of top wood thermal power plants
Make the decision on the amount of connections in the heater, when you will need to provide hot water for personal use, not just for home heating. Then, you can install a wood-fired boiler with double circuit or a single circuit with solid fuel and connect an intermediate heating boiler to it.
Remember the level of consumption. Whether the residence could be used as a main home or seasonal accommodation, such as a summer house, would vary. The material of the frame can be steel or cast iron. With low costs, ideal measurements, low weight and durability, the steel choices are satisfactory.
These versions, however, are corrosion resistant and their service life is only 15 years. For 22 years, cast iron models have been helping their customers, but they are much more expensive and bulky than their steel equivalents, which ensures that there would be more transportation and integration issues. In reality, cast iron tools risk a thermal shock, because cast iron itself is very fragile and does not withstand sudden rises in temperature.